First up let's talk about the CTAS - Create Table As Select. You create a table and insert data into it all in one SQL statement. Constraints and indexes do not get copied over (except for the NOT NULL constraint). If you SELECT something other than a column, then you need to provide a column alias to define the column name in the new table. Or you could provide the fully qualified list of columns in the CREATE TABLE part.
The CTAS technique can be used to INSERT rows into a table using a subquery. Just SELECT INTO your table. Not need for a VALUES clause. Stick the SELECT subquery right after that.
Multitable insert allows you to, as the name suggests, insert into more than one table with a single SQL statement. This can be an unconditional or conditional insert. For unconditional inserts, you must specify the ALL keyword. Otherwise you can specify the ALL or FIRST keyword for a conditional insert. ALL means all of the WHEN clauses are evaluated. FIRST means only the first WHEN clause to match gets chosen. Multitable inserts do not work on views. Be warned that you cannot put sequences on the subquery for the mutlitable insert. Also watch out because the insert is a single SQL statement, which generates only one sequence value.